In the previous years the two words learning and cognition have been exchangeable and thought to be the same thing. But today we know that they indicate two totally different things. But the association between the two terms is such that one term cannot be present without the other one.
Even at the primary level of playgroups educators and parents are starting to comprehend the variance of the two expressions and determining the way they demonstrate and work together with the kids as a result. The meaning of learning is the method of attaining certain knowledge or a set of abilities. Cognition is defined as the methods involved in obtaining those abilities or knowledge, and comprises things such as knowing, thinking, problem solving and remembering.
So to be able to learn a set of abilities or obtain some information and knowledge you need to make use of a combination of cognition and learning. For example children in top preschools in Singapore will pick up how to read by the use of different cognitive methods like memorizing, problem solving and remembering. So this shows that we have to initially make sure that kids are trained how to efficiently apply these cognitive methods before we drive them into learning things.
Intellectual development transpires in four phases which are the sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal operation stage respectively. It takes a kid from birth up until their initial adulthood years to expansively mature these intellectual functions. And many of these functions advance mainly because of communication with the environment. It is all about allowing the kid to explore, letting them to improve their motor and sensory skills during the initial few years of their life. When we don’t give the kid the liberty of exploration then we are hampering this development.
If we look at Learning it is a different matter altogether on the other hand. Kids learn by testing and trying out things in a manner similar to how the adults do it when we want to discover or create something new. Learning goes hand in hand with experience. This is obvious in the way a kid tries to get to a toy. If he/she can’t grab it he/she will try to roll near it. If this also doesn’t work then he/she will try to scurry or crawl in the direction of the object. Because it’s all about trying out numerous methods until you accomplish your goal and this will continue from childhood thorough to adulthood. The progression of learning continuously remains the same irrespective of the age.